The increase of payload is one of the key tasks in creation of nanocontainers for the delivery of bioactive substances (BAS). In this work the adsorption of anionic carboxymethyl cyclodextrins (CMCDs) on the surface of cationic liposomes was studied as mechanism of formation of capacious nanocontainers for the encapsulation and delivery of hydrophobic BAS. The formation and physico-chemical characteristics of complexes were studied by means of laser microelectrophoresis, dynamic light-scattering, conductometry and atomic force microscopy (AFM). As a model, bioactive molecule hydrophobic curcumin was chosen for the investigation. The encapsulation of curcumin was controlled by UV–Vis spectrometry. Interaction of CMCDs/liposomes complexes with model cell membranes was visualized by fluorescent microscopy. Finally, cytotoxicity of nanocontainers was studied by MTT-test. It was estimated that colloid stable complexes with net positive charge could contain up to 2.5÷5 CMCD molecules per one cationic lipid. Incorporation of curcumin in CMCDs does not change the character of interaction of oligosaccharides with liposomal membranes of individual liposome. CMCDs/liposomes complexes adsorb on model cell membranes without significant loss of CMCD molecules. This fact in addition to low cytotoxicity of cationic CMCDs/liposomes complexes demonstrates potential of their application as nanovehicles for the delivery of BAS.
Andrey Sybachin, Vladislava Pigareva: Ensembles of carboxymethyl cyclodextrins on cationic liposomes as highly efficient nanocontainers for the delivery of hydrophobic compounds. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – General Subjects 1867, 2023, 130363