In this paper, the preparation and properties of several starch-based nanoparticles (SNPs) and cyclodextrins (CDs) derivatives are reviewed. In particular, we focus on the various mechanisms responsible for the ability of these edible nanomaterials to modulate glucose release and the gut microbiome in the gastrointestinal tract. The probiotic functions are achieved through encapsulation and protection of prebiotics or bioactive components in foods or the human gut. This review therefore provides valuable information that could be used to design functional foods for improving human health and wellbeing.
Liu Y, Qiu C, Li X, McClements DJ, Wang C, Zhang Z, Jiao A, Long J, Zhu K, Wang J, Jin Z. Application of starch-based nanoparticles and cyclodextrin for prebiotics delivery and controlled glucose release in the human gut: a review. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2022 Jan 18:1-12. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2022.2028127.