Novel multifunctional drug delivery systems were developed by the Sortino’s group . βCD-NBFNO1 and βCD-NBFNO2, covalently integrating an N-nitroso amino-nitro-benzofurazan in the primary and secondary hydroxyl rims of the βCD scaffold, respectively through flexible spacers of different length. Both βCD conjugates are water-soluble and release nitric oxide (NO) under the input of either blue or green light, with quantum yields ΦNO (blue) = 0.13, 0.31 and ΦNO (green) = 0.007, 0.013 respectively, the former representing the largest values ever reported for nonmetal-containing NO donors activatable by visible light. The good contrast between the fluorescence green emission of the chromogenic moiety after and before the NO release permits the easy and in real-time quantification of the amount of NO generated, without the addition of external fluorescent agents. Despite the presence of the appendages, these βCD derivatives are also able to complex betaxolol, a β-blocker drug widely used for the reduction of the intraocular pressure, with binding constants Kb = 500±50 and 1100±100 M-1, respectively, without affecting the photochemical performances. In view of the well-known vasodilator properties of NO, the present βCD derivatives represent intriguing candidates for biopharmaceutical research studies addressed to combined therapeutic ocular applications.
M Seggio, S Payamifar, A Fraix, O Catanzano, C Conte, F Quaglia, S Sortino (2021) Visible Light-Activatable Cyclodextrin-Conjugates for the Efficient Delivery of Nitric Oxide with Fluorescent Reporter and their Inclusion Complexes with Betaxolol. – New Journal of Chemistry, accepted manuscript. https://doi.org/10.1039/D1NJ00039J