β-Cyclodextrin covalent organic frameworks (β-CD COFs) show great potential in enantioseparation due to their uniformly distributed chiral recognition sites and good chemical stability. The hydroxyl and amino groups of β-CD COFs enable facile post-modification to introduce the desired functionality into the frameworks. In this study, post-modification of β-CD COFBPDA was performed with 1,4-butane sultone and [(3R,4R)-4-acetyloxy-2,5-dioxooxolan-3-yl] acetate to construct two kinds of novel functional β-CD COFs. The capillary columns prepared with these two functional β-CD COFs separated chiral dihydropyridines and fluoroquinolones with excellent selectivity and repeatability in capillary electrochromatography, while β-CD COFBPDA-modified capillary columns did not present the chiral recognition ability for these drugs. The mechanism of chiral recognition and the enhanced enantioselectivity of functional β-CD COFs were further demonstrated by molecular docking simulation. The divergent chiral separation performances of β-CD COFs suggest that the introduction of functional groups enables the modification of β-CD COF properties and tuning of its chiral recognition abilities for the diversity of enantioseparation.
Xuehua Wang, Jiaqi Wu, Xue Liu, Xin Qiu, Liqin Cao, and Yibing Ji (2022) Enhanced Chiral Recognition Abilities of Cyclodextrin Covalent Organic Frameworks via Chiral/Achiral Functional Modification
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces