A pH-responsive double-layer film comprising chitosan (CS), zein (Z), curcumin-β-cyclodextrin complex (Cur- β-CD), alizarin (AL) and cinnamaldehyde (CIN) was developed to detect spoilage and prolong the shelf life of pork. The outer Z/AL is the colorimetric responsive and highly protective outer layer, while the CS/Cur- β-CD/CIN is the fluorescence responsive and functional layer. The CS/Cur- β-CD/CIN-Z/AL film demonstrated excellent barrier properties against oxygen (8.48 × 10-13 g (m s Pa)-1) and water (2.42 × 10-11 g (m s Pa)-1) primarily due to the polar interactions in the Z structure and its hydrophobic nature. The addition of AL and Cur provided the CS/Cur- β-CD/CIN-Z/AL film with pH colorimetric and fluorescence response capabilities, respectively. Furthermore, the inclusion of Cur- β-CD, CIN and AL significantly enhanced the film’s antioxidant and antibacterial properties, with radical scavenging rates of 79.29 % (DPPH) and 89.84 % (ABTS), as well as antibacterial efficiencies of 96.2 % (S. aureus) and 85.78 % (E. coli). To test the effectiveness of the double-layer film, a freshness monitoring and maintenance experiment was conducted on pork stored at 4 °C for 8 days. Various parameters of pork, including surface color, pH value, total volatile bases nitrogen (TVB-N), total viable counts (TVC), thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), hardness and springiness, were measured, along with the color and fluorescence intensity (FL) of the film. The shelf life of the pork was extended by at least 2 days compared to the control group, and the pork was considered inedible if ΔE ≥ 12 or FL intensity ≤ 2160. Overall, this food packaging film shows promise in simultaneously monitoring and maintaining the freshness of pork.
Wanmei Lin, Yifan Zhang, Jihong Huang, Zhonghong Li (2023) pH-responsive double-layer film based on chitosan/curcumin-β-cyclodextrin complex/cinnamaldehyde and zein/alizarin for pork freshness monitoring and maintaining. Food Research International 173, Part 2, 113460.