Solid Xenon Carrier Based on α-Cyclodextrin

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The inert gas xenon (Xe) is increasingly used in medicine as a universal anesthetic, a regulator of cellular metabolism, and a broad-spectrum organoprotector. Commonly utilized Xe inhalation requires expensive equipment that is not universally available. Here The inert gas xenon (Xe) is increasingly used in medicine as a universal anesthetic, a regulator of cellular metabolism, and a broad-spectrum organoprotector. Commonly utilized Xe inhalation requires expensive equipment that is not universally available. Here we describe the production process and physical characteristics of a solid, highly stable xenon carrier based on α-cyclodextrin (α-CD), developed for oral administration. It was found, that the interaction of α-CD with Xe in an aqueous solution and elevated pressure leads to precipitation of the α-CD-Xe complex. We have discovered three new properties of the resulting complex that promote long-term storage and oral delivery of Xe. (i) At temperatures below 0 °C, the precipitated α-CD-Xe complex containing water is so stable that it allows the removal of water by vacuum freeze-drying (lyophilization). (ii). Lyophilized α-CD-Xe remains stable for months at room temperature. (iii) Upon contact with water, α-CD-Xe rapidly releases gaseous Xe. As revealed in the forced swim test, after oral administration of lyophilized α-CD-Xe to rats, the duration of swimming was significantly increased. The obtained data open up prospects for the development of drugs based on the lyophilized α-CD-Xe complex suitable for storage, transportation, and medical use, including outside the hospital. This work is on the production process and physical characteristics of a solid, highly stable xenon carrier based on α-cyclodextrin (α-CD), developed for oral administration. It was found, that the interaction of α-CD with Xe in an aqueous solution and elevated pressure leads to precipitation of the α-CD-Xe complex. Three new properties of the resulting complex that promote long-term storage and oral delivery of Xe were discovered: (i) At temperatures below 0 °C, the precipitated α-CD-Xe complex containing water is so stable that it allows the removal of water by vacuum freeze-drying (lyophilization). (ii). Lyophilized α-CD-Xe remains stable for months at room temperature. (iii) Upon contact with water, α-CD-Xe rapidly releases gaseous Xe. As revealed in the forced swim test, after oral administration of lyophilized α-CD-Xe to rats, the duration of swimming was significantly increased. The obtained data open up prospects for the development of drugs based on the lyophilized α-CD-Xe complex suitable for storage, transportation, and medical use, including outside the hospital.


Dmitry A. Prokhorov, Victor P. Kutyshenko, Yury S. Tarahovsky, Nikolay I. Kukushkin, Maxim O. Khrenov,
Anatoly L. Kovtun, Nadezhda M. Zakharova (2022) Solid Xenon Carrier Based on α-Cyclodextrin: Properties, Preparation, and Application. J. Pharm. Sci.
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xphs.2022.08.014

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